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Protocols

Links to the best articles, videos and podcasts about blockchain and cryptocurrency Protocols.

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Introducing PoB — How to design a more decentralized consensus

"IOST’s consensus algorithm — PoB — includes a more decentralized committee election process than current DPoS systems while still maintaining the scalability benefits and censorship resistance."

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Ethereum Plans to Cut Its Absurd Energy Consumption by 99 Percent

"The cryptocurrency is going on an energy diet to compete with more efficient blockchains"

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A CBC Casper Tutorial

"In order to help more people understand “the other Casper” (Vlad Zamfir’s CBC Casper), and specifically the instantiation that works best for blockchain protocols, I thought that I would write an explainer on it myself, from a less abstract and more “close to concrete usage” point of view."

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Peer Review: CBC Casper

"Liveness and safety are two inseparable properties of consensus protocols. Liveness is a guarantee that a protocol will do something useful even in the face of failures. CBC Casper, a family of consensus protocols, leaves out liveness from their analysis. Treating 1 out of 2 doesn’t get you 50% of the way to a full protocol; it leaves you with almost nothing."

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The Moloch DAO: Collapsing The Firm.

"In this article, I will detail thoughts around the Moloch DAO. It’s a new type of organisation (developed by Ameen Soleimani, Arjun Bhuptani, James Young, Layne Haber & Rahul Sethuram) that blurs and redefines the definition of a firm."

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Fundamentals of Proof of Work

"In the anonymous, unregulated Internet, participants are free to act as economic agents, often with few consequences for deviant behavior. Instead of assuming that greater than 51% of all actors will be acting honestly, Bitcoin assumes that greater than 51% of all actors will be acting according to their best economic interest."

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The Lightning Network

"In this post, we’ll explore the Lightning Network (LN): what it is, how it works, what makes it special, what tradeoffs it makes and some of the weaknesses it has."

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The authoritative guide to Blockchain Sharding, part 1

"This blog post is the first in the series of two on Blockchain Sharding. After reading this blog post you will know why Sharding is the path to the future-proof blockchain protocols, how Sharding is being built today, what challenges all the sharded protocols face, and how such challenges can be addressed"

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Unsolved Problems in Blockchain Sharding

"This blog post is the first in the series of two on Blockchain Sharding. After reading this blog post you will know why Sharding is the path to the future-proof blockchain protocols, how Sharding is being built today, what challenges all the sharded protocols face, and how such challenges can be addressed"

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Uniswap — A Unique Exchange

"Uniswap’s unique architecture sheds the concept of a limit order book entirely. Strangely, market makers no longer specify price when providing liquidity. Instead, they merely supply the funds and Uniswap takes cares of the rest."

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Confidential transactions have arrived, a dive into the AZTEC Protocol

"Transaction privacy is a fundamental requirement for many kinds of financial services, and the inability to provide this privacy has prevented Ethereum from providing compelling alternatives to traditional financial instruments."

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On-Chain versus Off-Chain Computation, Turing Completeness and Zero Knowledge Proofs

"I have been skeptical about Turing complete on chain computation for a long time. Many early proponents took the position that there is no issue because a mechanism such as Ethereum’s gas limits how long a computation can run."

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Casper CBC, Simplified!

"A simplified overview of Correct-By-Construction Casper consensus mechanism"

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Sidechains and Sister Chains on EOS: An Explainer

"This article will focus on the role that sidechains and sister chains play in the EOS ecosystem and will address some of the challenges that these projects face."

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PoW is Efficient

"Most people think #Bitcoin’s PoW is “wasteful.” In this article, I explore how everything is energy, money is energy, energy usage is subjective, and PoW’s energy costs relative to existing governance systems.* This article is a collection of direct thoughts from many individuals in the space — my value add was in the aggregation, distillation, and combination of narratives."

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Gluton Plasma - A Plasma Variant for Non-custodial Exchanges

The whitepaper. "We introduce a plasma sidechain designed specifically for non-custodial, high-speed, low-latency trading. We explore extending the value proposition of plasma to a financial institution using comprehensive set of fraud-proofs to enforce correctness and voting to handle data unavailability."

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Detailed overview of Ethereum 2.0 shard chains: Committees, Proposers and Attesters

"Many details of how Ethereum 2.0 will work are available today, and multiple teams are already working on implementations of it. One large component for which neither spec nor any detailed info is available today is the shard chains."

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Bulletproofs: The New Kid in Blockchain Security Land

"Bulletproofs, was originally published in a 2017 whitepaper from Stanford University and quickly became an area of research within the blockchain community. With the announcement, Monero becomes the first cryptocurrency to adopt bulletproofs as a privacy protocol."

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