"We propose a design for philanthropic or publicly-funded seeding to allow (near) optimal provision of a decentralized, self-organizing ecosystem of public goods."
Links to the best whitepapers from the cryptocurrency space.
"This paper presents the Rainbow Network, a design for an off-chainnon-custodial exchange and payment network supporting any liquid asset.The Rainbow Network allows a user to trade, lend, borrow, send, andreceive any liquid asset, entirely off-chain, while having only one on-chainpayment channel collateralized by a single asset."
"Over time, there has been a tendency for political jurisdictions and residents to converge on a singlecurrency. Monopoly over seigniorage is a source of political power and a valuable lifeline when sovereigntyis threatened. Moreover a uniform currency, insofar as it is free of counterparty and liquidity risk,facilitates economic activity. But will digital currencies now reverse this trend toward uniformity,given the apparent ease with which they can be created?"
"This report summarises the anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing (AML/CFT)measures in place in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK)as at the date of the on-site visit from5 to23 March 2018."
"This paper discusses the economics of how Bitcoin achieves data immutability, and thus payment finality, via costly computations, ie “proof-of-work”. Further, it explores what the future might hold for cryptocurrencies modelled on this type of consensus algorithm."
"Why Private Peer-to-Peer Payments are Essential to an Open Society"
"MimbleWimble is a privacy-enhancing and scalable blockchain protocol. It verifies that all transactions are valid without storing the blockchain’s entire history."
"Prediction markets facilitate the trading of event derivatives. They have been around since the 1990s. They are sometimes also referred to as information markets, idea futures, and decision markets. Participants use prediction markets to speculate on outcomes of events. Many believe that decentralizing prediction markets will allow us to harness their full potential by lowering the cost of participating, bypassing strict regulation and increasing adoption by making the platforms more accessible across geographies."
The whitepaper. "We introduce a plasma sidechain designed specifically for non-custodial, high-speed, low-latency trading. We explore extending the value proposition of plasma to a financial institution using comprehensive set of fraud-proofs to enforce correctness and voting to handle data unavailability."
"we ask: what is the larger socio-economic impact of systems like Bitcoin, and who benefits?"
"It’s become popular today to dismiss Bitcoin’s Proof-of-Work as wasteful and bad for the environment. We believe this is a narrow view that misses the forest for the trees. We wrote this paper with the intention to illustrate the other side of the story and what we believe to be the positive externalities of Proof-of-Work mining."
"In this paper, we examine the extent to which anonymity is achieved in the deployed version of Zcash."
The whitepaper. "Privacy in payments is desired not just for illegal transactions, but also for protection from malfeasance or negligence by counterparties or by the payments system provider itself. Proposals to abolish cash take inadequate account of these legitimate demands for privacy. While central banks can play a useful role in setting standards for payments privacy, they are unlikely to have a comparative advantage at providing privacy. Therefore the replacement of cash by central bank electronic money is likely to spur demand for alternative means of payments to solve specific privacy problems."
The whitepaper. "In this work, we study the prevalence of this new phenomenon. We identify and classify mining websites in 138M domains and present a new fingerprinting method which finds up to a factor of 5.7"
"State channels are an important technique for reducing fees for blockchain users. Within their scope of applicability, they allow users to transact with each other without paying blockchain transaction fees and with instant finality, and are the only technique that securely realises the latter property."
The whitepaper on the byzantyne generals problem.
"In this paper we discuss a design philosophy for interoperable blockchain systems, using the design philosophy of the Internet architecture as the basis to identify key design principles. Several interoperability challenges are discussed in the context of cross-domain transactions. We illustrate how these principles are informing the interoperability architecture of the MIT Tradecoin system."