"Google’s ‘Sycamore’ quantum computer was able to achieve “quantum supremacy” — solving a complex problem that would otherwise be impossible for a classical computer to solve in its lifetime — in just three minutes and 20 seconds, compared to the estimated 10,000 years it would take the world’s most advanced classical computer, Summit."
Links to the best whitepapers from the cryptocurrency space.
"Existing broadcast protocols for this setting scale poorly, as they typically build on quorum systems with strong intersection guarantees, which results in linear per-process communication and computation complexity."
"We introduce the concept of headless brands to explain the community-driven brand dynamics of projects which have no centralized managerial body. We describe some elements of a headless brand's lifecycle, from formation to adoption, and suggest strategies to maintain a brand's coherence."
"How might blockchain-based financial markets be regulated and supervised? This paper argues that asset tokenisation and underlying distributed ledger technology (DLT) open up new ways of supervising financial risks. It then puts the case for "embedded supervision", ie a framework that allows compliance with regulatory goals to be automatically monitored by reading the market's ledger, thus reducing the need for firms to actively collect, verify and deliver data."
"With the birth and rise of cryptocurrencies following the success of Bitcoin and the popularity of 'Initial Coin Offerings,' public awareness of blockchain technologies has substantially increased in recent years. Many blockchain advocates claim that these software artefacts enable radically new forms of decentralised governance by relying upon computational trust created via cryptographic proof, obviating the need for reliance on conventional trusted third-party intermediaries."
"This paper presents a sketch of a new building block for decentralized finance: yTokens. yTokens are like zero-coupon bonds: on-chain obligations that settle on a specific future date based on the price of some target asset, and are secured by collateral in another asset."
"A Decentralized Redeemable BTC-backed ERC-20 Token"
"The key cryptographic protocols used to secure the internet and financial transactions of today are all susceptible to attack by the development of a sufficiently large quantum computer."
"Wavelet introduces a novel family of directed-acyclic-graph (DAG)-based consensus protocols. It is designed to alleviate the numerous scalability dilemmas predicated in decentralized ledgers, such as those that utilize either the longest chain rule, or some variant of stake delegation or committee election scheme."
"René Girard was a literary theorist, philosopher, and sociologist, who wrote about the nature of desire—among many other topics. His model of borrowed desire applies exceptionally well to financial bubbles. This paper explores the theory, with examples from the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries."
Whitepaper. "The global blockchain in the healthcare market is expected grow at a CAGR of 63.85% from 2018 to 2025, to reach a value of $5.61 billion by 2025. The use of blockchain for healthcare data exchange will contribute the largest market share throughout the forecast period, reaching a value of $1.89 billion by 2025."
"This paper identifies the benefits and risks and highlights regulatory issues that are likely to emerge with a broader adoption of stablecoins. The paper also highlights the risks associated with e-money: potential creation of new monopolies; threats to weaker currencies; concerns about consumer protection and financial stability; and the risk of fostering illegal activities, among others."
"We present eclipse attacks on bitcoin’s peer-to-peer net-work. Our attack allows an adversary controlling a suffi-cient number of IP addresses to monopolize all connec-tions to and from a victim bitcoin node. The attacker canthen exploit the victim for attacks on bitcoin’s miningand consensus system, includingN-confirmation doublespending, selfish mining, and adversarial forks in theblockchain."
"This paper will show that public perception is wrong, anchored in a bygone era and built on a foundation of bad data and false assumptions"
"Digital advertising is broken. The marketplace for online advertising, once domi-nated by advertisers, publishers and users, has become overrun by “middleman” adexchanges, audience segmentation, complicated behavioral and cross-device usertracking, and opaque cross-party sharing through data management platforms.Users face unprecedented levels of malvertisements and privacy violations."
"We propose a design for philanthropic or publicly-funded seeding to allow (near) optimal provision of a decentralized, self-organizing ecosystem of public goods."