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Knowledge Protocol. Daily curated links from the space of blockchain, bitcoin, tokens, cryptocurrencies and protocols. No news, no bullshit, deep knowledge only.


Links to the best whitepapers from the cryptocurrency space.

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Efficient Zero-Knowledge Range Proofs in Ethereum


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The Byzantine Generals Problem

The whitepaper on the byzantyne generals problem.

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Towards a Design Philosophy for Interoperable Blockchain Systems

"In this paper we discuss a design philosophy for interoperable blockchain systems, using the design philosophy of the Internet architecture as the basis to identify key design principles. Several interoperability challenges are discussed in the context of cross-domain transactions. We illustrate how these principles are informing the interoperability architecture of the MIT Tradecoin system."

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Counterfactual: Generalized State Channels

"State channels are an important technique for reducing fees for blockchain users. Within their scope of applicability, they allow users to transact with each other without paying blockchain transaction fees and with instant finality, and are the only technique that securely realises the latter property."

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Is Bitcoin Really Un-Tethered?

"This paper investigates whether Tether, a digital currency pegged to U.S. dollars, influences Bitcoin and other cryptocurrency prices during the recent boom. Using algorithms to analyze the blockchain data, we find that purchases with Tether are timed following market downturns and result in sizable increases in Bitcoin prices."

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Some Simple Economics of the Blockchain

The whitepaper focuses on the economics of the blockchain.

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The Agoric papers series (1988)

The white paper from 1988. "Like all systems involving goals, resources, and actions, computation can be viewed in economic terms. This paper examines markets as a model for computation and proposes a framework--agoric systems--for applying the power of market mechanisms to the software domain. It then explores the consequences of this model and outlines initial market strategies."

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Smart Media Tokens (SMTs)

"Steem’s Smart Media Tokens (SMTs) give anyone the power to launch and sell Proof-of-Brain tokens, which are tokens distributed by “upvote” and “like”-based algorithms and can be integrated with websites to align incentives and spur growth, while websites are empowered to adopt sustainable, currency-centric revenue models. This model has been tested and continues to be proven by,,,, and other Steem interfaces, which are monetizing content, tokens and media in a way never before seen."

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Town Crier: An Authenticated Data Feed for Smart Contracts

The white-paper. “We present an authenticated data feed system called Town Crier (TC). TC acts as a bridge between smart contracts and existing web sites, which are already commonly trusted for non-blockchain applications. It combines a blockchain front end with a trusted hardware back end to scrape HTTPSenabled websites and serve source-authenticated data to relying smart contracts.”

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Scalable, transparent, and post-quantum secure computational integrity

The lengthy (83 pages) white-paper on a privacy in the age of quantum computing.

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Tezos: A Self-Amending Crypto-Ledger Position Paper

This whitepaper is worth reading as it explains a lot of broad topics in a clear way.

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The Byzantine Generals Problem (1982)

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